Modern agriculture faces a double challenge. It must work towards reducing its gas emissions, whilst simultaneously adapting to the anticipated consequences of climate change. In other words, we could say that agriculture both causes, and is vulnerable to, climate change. Two types of measures need to be undertaken to combat this problem: mitigating gas emission, and adaptation to the upcoming challenges. In this paper, we will focus on the consequences that climate change will have upon the agricultural sector, as well as on the ways this sector can adapt and evolve. A great part of the information which can be found in this paper stems from the National Strategy of Agriculture and Rural Development (2014-2020), as well as the Third National Climate Change Plan (from December 2013).
Economic policy and finance